When it comes to indoor plant cultivation, it’s always been hard for people to find a good source of light comparable to sunlight. Before greenhouse farming was revolutionized by LED technology, gardeners were trying to cultivate plants using traditional lighting. Like high pressure sodium lamps (HPS) and compact fluorescent lights (CFL).
These options weren’t good enough bercause they were not exactly meeting the needs of growing plants. While other options seemed to be very costly. This has resulted in the increased uptake of LED lighting in plant cultivation.
These days, gardeners have found LED grow lights to be very useful for cultivating plants indoors and can now grow fresh and healthy crops throughout the year no matter the season. Apart from simply “going green”. There are lots of benefits associated with growing plants using LEDs so make sure to read on to learn more about it.
Tailored quality of light to produce better yields
LEDs allow gardeners to get more control over their greenhouse environment. In which they can use different light inputs to increase their crop yields. Gardeners can customize light spectrums specifically to the requirements of their crop, instead of generating unnecessary light that’s ineffective.
Eco-friendly: Less humidity and heat
The heat produced by LED grow lights is less strong than that produced by hot filaments of previous generation bulbs. Particularly if high pressure metal or sodium halide lighting is used for long hours every day. It produces plenty of heat which raises environmental humidity and temperature inside the greenhouse.
This requires extra ventilation for circulating air and cooling the environment to prevent excess heat or destruction of the crop. However, with LEDs, gardeners can control indoor humidity and temperatures easily. As LEDs have less thermal output when compared to several other conventional bulbs. They help keep the indoor environment cool and boost growth.
Energy savings and increased lifespan
In an environment which requires constant lighting for growing plants, energy consumption and bulb lifespan are vital and that’s why LED grow lights shine.
LEDs that are manufactured using premium components consume less energy and are more efficient. They also have long shelf lives and can work efficiently for years without needing to be replaced or upgraded. Some gardeners consider LED lighting as a huge investment. However they don’t know that they can recoup their investment within a short time. All that thanks to the extended lifespan and energy efficiency of LEDs.
Stimulate early/uniform plant growth
Compared to traditional sources of lighting, LEDs generate narrow spectrum light that’s highly absorbed by plants. And may easily be customized for different growth needs of plants at various stages. The key stage of crop development is the initial vegetative phase, where the crop needs the right intensity of light to stimulate growth. The majority of conventional lights aren’t suitable for this phase because they can’t generate a uniform light.
They generate light from one part of the bulb, which may be too strong for crops that are closer. This means that plants closer to the lighting get too much light compared to those that are at a further distance. Supplying too strong light at the early vegetative phase can lead to damage or even hamper further crop development.
However, LEDs are extremely effective during this phase too, because they generate even light via all parts of its surface. With LED grow lights, cultivators can make sure light is uniformly distributed no matter the plant’s location within the indoor setup.
Flexible design and placement
Another hurdle is the challenge of placing grow lights. LED grow lights are smaller than their alternatives, but they are flexible in terms of design and placement.
Farmers can use different LED lights according their farming needs. Moreover, the ability to place LEDs nearer the plants lets farmers have flexibility in urban farming environments. They may use various cultivation methods which involves stacking layers of garden in one growing space to increase production.
Thus, if you’re considering setting up a new grow light or switching to LEDs from conventional HID lighting. The best time to do that is during the winter. The results will surpass your expectations and the environment and your budget will thank you.